Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. rubriflora

Kidney vetch, woundwort                                               Ανθύλλις η τραυματική,  mκαπνόχορτο    

Leguminosae - pea family                                                                               Dicot.


Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. rubiflora is the Meditteranean version of the yellow kidney vetch which is common in Northern Europe, it is found in summer in the olive groves, on the edges of fields and roadside. The plant has long  spreading stems with flowers arranged in globular heads at intervals along them. The flower heads are encircled by leafy bracts.

The flower petals are pink when young, becoming darker as they mature and turning brick red as they wither. The petals protrude from tubular bracts which are white tipped with purple and covered in silky hairs. Leaves are divided with leaflets arranged in pairs with a single terminal leaflet.

The scientific name vulneraria, the English, woundwort and Greek, τραυμαική (travmatiki) all refer to the Medieval use of the plant to encourage wound healing. The term kidney vetch refers to it's use as a folk medicine for kidney disorders from the discipline of "signatures" when plants were thought to resemble the organ or condition they were designed to treat.

12-18mm 2.5-4cm 20-40cm                      JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Anemone pavonina
Antirrhinum majus
Snap dragonAntirrhinum_majus.html