Rhamnus alternus

Mediterranean buckthorn                                                                                     Ράμνος

Rhamaceae - buckthorn family                                                                                Dicot.


The Mediterranean buckthorn, Rhamnus alternus, has dark green, glossy, evergreen leaves and in summer has clusters of bright shiny berries which change from green to red and then black. The flowers are visually  inconspicuous greenish yellow, but very fragrant. The berries are not considered as human food but provide nutrition for birds. The plants have been domesticated and are considered by gardeners to form handsome hedges.It originates around the Mediterranean and has naturalised in areas with a similar climate, where it can become invasive, on Skopelos it occurs in the macchie, where it is often entangled with other plants.

2-3mm, 50-200cm,                                          JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Rhamnus from rabdos (ῥάβδος) - ancient Greek for the stick

+ alternus describing alternate arrangement of leaves.

Quercus ithaburensis ssp. macrolepsis
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