Euphorbia characias

Spurge                                                                                    Φλώμος – Γαλατσίδα.

Euphorbiaceae - spurge family.                                                                         Dicot.


The billowing mop-heads of Euphorbia characias  are a prominent feature of coastal phrygana in spring, when they are a subtle greenish yellow and into summer as beige papery bracts.

The flowers are arranged in umbels (umbrella like) heads, with spokes that are divided and then subdivided with each division marked by a circular bract. The flowers themselves are arranged in an unusual pattern. The small flowers are unisexual with a single female flower surrounded by several male flowers and each group surrounded by a collar-like bract.

The vertical stems are encircled by long narrow leaves which leave scars on lower down.

All parts of the plant are poisonous and contain a milky sap which is highly irritant to skin and eyes.

15-25mm,20-30cm, 70-110cm                               JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Ecballium elaterium.
Squirting cucumber.Ecballium_elaterium.html

Euphorbia - after an ancient Greek physician Euphorbos

Characias - meaning stake or prop was the name given to the plant by Dioscorides

Euphorbia helioscopia
sun spurgeEuphorbia_helioscopia.html